The word science comes from the Latin word ‘scientia’ meaning knowledge. Science refers to the system of acquiring knowledge through organized research or scientific methods. “Equipped with his five senses, man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure Science.” The quote by Edwin Powell clearly explains the word science
Science projects have got a very important role in helping science students to understand the concepts and principles of science. Science projects give their mind a new phase to explore and an opportunity to apply their knowledge in practical sense. Students should be motivated at an early age to increase their inclination towards science projects. Schools has got a key role in the promotion of practice of making science projects, Project fairs are held at least once in a year to promote and develop the practical and analytical mind of students.
In India’s curriculum science is divided into three major subjects – Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The science projects are generally based on one of these subjects. Few projects often use concepts from more than one subject and they not only explain the concepts used, but also interlink between them.
Physics is a branch of science dealing with matter and its motion. It also deals with its position in space and time concepts. Physics deals with energy, charge and its flow (electricity), mass etc. Physics is entirely based on the natural process and is an attempt to study them systematically. Science projects for physics are based on one or more principles and fundamentals of the subject they should be designed and conducted in such a way that they are able to explain the fundamentals in easiest and practical way. The quote from a German scholar Friedrich Nietzsche depicts the importance of physics
“We must be physicists in order to be creative since so far codes of values and ideals have been constructed in ignorance of physics or even in contradiction to physics.”
Chemistry is another major subject of science curriculum. The word chemistry comes from an Egyptian word ‘keme’ meaning Earth. Chemistry deals with the composition, internal bonding, structure and properties of matter. Chemistry also deals with the changes they undergo during chemical reactions. The projects based on this branch of science generally deals with chemical reactions and their effects on human beings. Like an acid rain project can depict harmful effects of the acid rain. While projects like silica garden shows the growth of artificial plant like structures which can be used for decoration purposes.
Biology, the third subject, completes the curriculum of science. The word biology is composed of two words “bios” meaning life and “logos” meaning to talk about. So we can say that biology is all about talking (study) about life. Biology deals with the stusy of living things, it examines their structure, origin, growth their evolution. Biology also deals with the distribution of living things and their future threats. The projects based on biology are generally models depicted the various parts or different phases of living things. Few projects deals with the effect of sunlight, photosynthesis and other natural processes related to living things.